Lord Faulks, a QC and crossbench peer who was a justice minister between 2013 and 2016, will chair a panel looking into potential reforms to the existing system of judicial review.
Judicial review is a procedure that allows anyone who has been affected by a decision or failure to act by a public authority to apply to the courts to rule whether its actions were lawful or not.
In their election manifesto, the Conservatives vowed to look into whether the existing system was fit for purpose as part of a wider examination of the relationship between the executive, legislature and judiciary.
The Ministry of Justice said the much narrower review announced on Friday would look at potential reforms to ensure the “right balance” is struck between citizens’ rights and effective governance.
It will examine whether the terms of judicial review should be enshrined in law, whether certain decisions taken by government should not be open to challenge and which remedies should be available to the courts when they find against the executive.