There is a specific area of the Civil Procedure Rules governing contempt of court applications (Part 81 and Practice Direction 81).
Contempt of court proceedings are always held in open court and are robed, as the liberty of the respondent is at stake. For the same reason, legal aid is also automatically available.
When making an application, evidence needs to be given in the form of an affidavit rather than a witness statement and needs to carry a specific warning to the respondent on the face of the order.
The application also needs to be personally served, unless the Court gives permission to dispense with personal service.
The burden of proof is higher than in normal civil proceedings: beyond reasonable doubt or “sure”, rather than merely probably or likely.
Sentences range up to two years in prison (which may be suspended) and/or a fine.
Following a finding of contempt, a prisoner can apply to purge their contempt.